Pores are essential to your skin’s health by providing oil to keep skin soft and hydrated. However, you don’t necessarily want to be reminded of their existence every time you look in the mirror. Pores are more prominent when they are dilated, infected, or clogged with oil, making them appear larger than they really are. While it isn’t possible to permanently “shrink” large pores, there are a number of ways to make them less noticeable. At Castleknock Cosmetic Clinic Dublin we specialise in skin health and large pores remedies.
Enlarged pores are concern for many women of all ages and skin types, especially for those with oily and combination skin. If you don’t take care of your skin properly these pores will become larger and larger and may be easily clogged which usually leads to blackheads, pimples, discolorations, excessive sebum production. If you don’t treat the large pores at early stage the pores can look worse than they actually are.
Large pores appear mainly around the T-Zone because the area has more oil glands than the other areas.
Enlarged pores usually appear on the T-zone – forehead, chin and especially around the nose and a concern mainly during puberty. The large pores are generally “little openings of the hair follicle onto the surface of the skin that provide a way for the oil glands underneath to lubricate and protect the surface of your skin”.
Pores play a vital role in skin physiology and are a natural part of the skin and without them the skin won’t be able “to breathe”. Their secretion ensures essential skin moisture and oiliness and all the nutrients are supplied through them.
Causes of Large Pores
At Castleknock Cosmetic Clinic we see two main factors that contribute to large pores: genetics and age. People who have skin that is naturally thick and oily tend to have larger pores. As people get older sun damage and decreased skin elasticity can cause pores to dilate. The skin thickens, causing tiny cells to collect around the edge of the pores and make them look larger. Blackheads and acne are also a big contributor to large pores. When the pore becomes clogged by dirt and bacteria, oil within the pore begins to accumulate, causing the pore’s diameter to expand.
Trapped dirt, oil, dead skin cells
Excessive oil production
Overuse of makeup
Genetics may cause enlargement of the pores since people with combination or oily skin tend to have larger looking pores. If your mother or father have large pores this simply means that you are more prone to have them too.
Sun damage may also cause enlarged pores. The sun’s harmful rays cause the skin to thicken and the skin cells may collect around the pores which makes pores appear larger. Also as we know the sun damages the collagen and elastin in the skin and as a result the skin loses its elasticity and the pores enlarge because there is no collagen to keep them tight and small. Once the collagen and elastin in your skin is damaged the pores will begin to enlarge.
Improper skin care - in 78 percent of the cases the pores enlarge due to improper skin care. If you don’t remove your makeup in the evening, don’t cleanse your face twice a day, don’t use moisturizers and don’t exfoliate your skin regularly you are more likely to have enlarged pores. It’s essential to exfoliate your face at least twice a week to remove the dead skin cells, otherwise the surface oil and the dead cells may collect around your pores and make them appear large.
Blackheads and pimples may cause large pores if not treated properly. For example, if you squeeze a blackhead or a pimple you may stretch the pore.
Excessive oil production is another cause of large pores because if the oil glands produce large amounts of sebum the pore will be forced to expand itself in order to release the oil. Excessive oil production usually appears on the T-zone as these areas contain more oil glands than other areas.
Puberty cause large pores because as we know during puberty the skin begins to produce more oil and the pores have to enlarge in order to be able to handle the increased output. Large pores are most common in teenagers.
Pores appear enlarged when they are clogged, dilated, infected and that’s why the best way to keep your pores small and less visible is to keep your skin clean all the time. Often the pores get clogged with dead skin cells, dirt, oil which makes them appear more prominent and that’s why regular skin exfoliation is essential in order to remove the dead skin cells and to allow your skin to produce new, healthier cells.
Large Pores and the Aging Process
Although large pores may be bothersome early in life, they can actually present some benefits as the skin begins to age. People with large pores tend to have oily skin, which can help counteract the drying and wrinkling of the skin that occurs with age. Although conscientious skin care is important for people of all ages and skin types, those with large pores can embrace the fact that their skin will likely retain its natural moisture well into their later years.
As people get older, too, sun damage and decreased skin elasticity can cause pores to dilate. The skin thickens, causing tiny cells to collect around the edge of the pores and make them look larger.
Unfortunately there is no way to make large pores invisible and to shrink them for ever but there are a few things and procedures you can do to minimize their appearance.
Medical Treatments for Large Pores
Photofacial is an ideal procedure for shrinking enlarged pores – it lessens the appearance of pores by roughening up the skin, loosening the dead skin cells that clog the pores. Photofacial performed by our laser nurse can stimulate collagen production which is essential for healthy-looking skin. The treatment tightens the upper layer of the skin and reduces not only the size of the pores, but also wrinkles, fine lines, dark spots, acne scars, blemishes. In most cases 2 to 3 treatments are enough to minimize the appearance of large pores.
TCA Peels are very effective for reducing the size, look and appearance of large pores. Chemical peel with Trichloreacetic acid (TCA) is the most appropriate peel for enlarged pores as the acid penetrates more deeply into the skin and removes the damaged layers of the skin, allowing new cells to form.
CO2 Laser Resurfacing is the gold standard procedure for in treating enlarged pores effectively. CO2 Laser Resurfacing treatment treats not only large pores but also wrinkles, discolorations caused by sun damage, post-acne scars and the best thing is that it boost collagen production which is essential for the skin’s elasticity and healthy look. The procedure tones, lifts and tightens skin on the face and stimulates long-term collagen and elastin rebuilding.
Chemical peels, Microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing all work to reduce the appearance not only of large pores, but also improve the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, brown spots, age spots, scars, discolorations and other imperfections.
Deep pore cleansing treatment
the facial includes exfoliating, toning, cleansing, moisturizing, extractions. It’s the best treatment for large pores caused by puberty as it balances oil (sebum) production, removes congestion and encourages healthy new cells to form. Deep pore cleansing is performed by our nurse to achieve best results. Deep cleansing is achieved by using glycolic peels.
Topical vitamin A treatments
These include: Retin A, Iso-Trentoin, Tretinoin. Vitamin A is believed to help minimize large pores’ size. They all unclog pores by loosening blackheads and speeding up cell turnover. Retinol containing creams are considered an essential part of daily skincare routine.
Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids
AHAs and BHAs are effective in preventing enlargement of the pores as they exfoliate the skin and unclog pores. Both AHAs and BHAs stimulate the production of collagen and elastin and provide smoother, brighter-looking skin. Common use AHAs in products treating large pores are: Glycolic Acid, Citric Acid, Salicylic Acid, Malic Acid.