Thread veins, also known as telangiectasia or spider veins, happen when capillaries (the smallest of blood vessels) become unduly dilated, spreading blood to other capillaries and leaving a fine red or maroon coloured web-like appearance just under the skin. They can be almost anywhere on the body, but are most common on the face, usually on the cheeks or nose, and the legs.
Unfortunately, 55% of us will be affected by thread veins at some point. Many women find that they suddenly appear during pregnancy, possibly due to an increase in the blood coursing through our blood systems, as well as fluctuating hormone levels. Thread veins can occur as a result of changes in the menstrual cycle. Other causes of spider veins are trauma damage, exposure to sun and cold conditions and having a job that involves prolonged standing, we all heard of the expression “weather beaten”. Thread veins can be an inherited condition.
At Castleknock Cosmetic Clinic Dublin warns that spider veins may be linked to deep varicose veins, so it is always worth getting them checked out. The varicose veins must be treated before the thread veins are tackled.
Few dietary changes could help lower your risk of thread veins. Avoiding spicy foods and alcohol should help. Vitamin C rich foods could help strengthen the capillary walls. We also recommend foods rich in vitamin E.
The most common treatment for thread veins on the legs is microsclerotherapy, where a solution is injected into the veins to stop blood flowing through them. For facial veins we tend to use vascular lasers, either NdYAG 1064 or KTP laser. With appropriate treatment we can expect 90%success rate for the elimination of facial veins and veins can be cleared often after one or two sessions, although two to three sessions are needed for more complicated cases.